The OAC (http://www.oac.pt/menuobservatorio_ing.htm)Â was created in 1996 by the Institute of Social Sciences of the University of Lisbon (ICS), the National Institute of Statistics (INE) and the Ministry of Culture. Its main task is to produce and disseminate information, in a systematic and regular manner, on current trends in the field of cultural activities with emphasis on audience research, cultural events and their impact, cultural policies, cultural agents (artists, users of cultural equipments etc.) and studies on cultural institutions (libraries, museums, etc.).
Main research studies in the last 3 years include: Reading Promotion in Public Libraries; International Mobility of Artists and Other Culture Professionals; International Folklore Festivals in Portugal; Portuguese Museums Panorama (2004-2010).